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21CFRPart 340 Stimulant Drug Products for Over-the-Counter Human Use; Final Monograph; Final Rule

Andrews KW, Schweitzer A, Zhao C, Holden JM, Roseland JM, Brandt M, Dwyer JT, Picciano MF, Saldanha LG, Fisher KD, Yetley E, Betz JM, Douglass L. The caffeine contents of dietary supplements commonly purchased in the US: analysis of 53 products with caffeine-containing ingredients. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2007 Sep;389(1):231-9. Epub 2007 Aug 3.

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements Fact Sheet for Health Professionals Dietary Supplements for Weight Loss
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/WeightLoss-HealthProfessional/

Council for Responsible Nutrition: Caffeine: Know The Facts Consumer Q&A: Caffeine-Containing Dietary Supplements
http://crnusa.org/caffeine/Q+A.html

John Hopkins Medicine: Caffeine Withdrawal Recognized as a Disorder
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/press_releases/2004/09_29_04.html

Mayo Clinic: Caffeine: How much is too much?
http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/caffeine/art-20045678

Mayo Clinic: Does caffeine make depression worse?
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depression/expert-answers/caffeine-and-depression/faq-20057870

Kuchinke L, Lux V. Caffeine improves left hemisphere processing of positive words. PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e48487. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048487. Epub 2012 Nov 7.

Smith JE, Lawrence AD, Diukova A, Wise RG, Rogers PJ. Storm in a coffee cup: caffeine modifies brain activation to social signals of threat. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2012 Oct;7(7):831-40. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsr058. Epub 2011 Oct 4.

Rogers PJ1, Hohoff C, Heatherley SV, Mullings EL, Maxfield PJ, Evershed RP, Deckert J, Nutt DJ. Association of the anxiogenic and alerting effects of caffeine with ADORA2A and ADORA1 polymorphisms and habitual level of caffeine consumption.Neuropsychopharmacology. 2010 Aug;35(9):1973-83. doi: 10.10c38/npp.2010.71. Epub 2010 Jun 2.

Nardi AE, Lopes FL, Freire RC, Veras AB, Nascimento I, Valença AM, de-Melo-Neto VL, Soares-Filho GL, King AL, Araújo DM,Mezzasalma MA, Rassi A, Zin WA. Panic disorder and social anxiety disorder subtypes in a caffeine challenge test. Psychiatry Res. 2009 Sep 30;169(2):149-53. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2008.06.023. Epub 2009 Aug 20.

Bhatti SK, O’Keefe JH, Lavie CJ. Coffee and tea: perks for health and longevity? Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2013 Nov;16(6):688-97. doi: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e328365b9a0.

Medline Plus: Caffeine in the Diet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002445.htm

Medline Plus: Caffeine Overdose https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002579.htm

FDA.gov: Medicine in my Home: Caffeine and Your Body http://www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/resourcesforyou/consumers/buyingusingmedicinesafely/understandingover-the-countermedicines/ucm200805.pdf

Cleveland Clinic: Diseases & Conditions Migraine Headaches
http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic_Migraine_Headaches

Mayo Clinic: High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) How does caffeine affect blood pressure?
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/expert-answers/blood-pressure/faq-20058543

American Academy of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery: Dizziness and Motion Sickness
http://www.entnet.org/content/dizziness-and-motion-sickness

Cleveland Clinic: Diseases & Conditions Heartburn Glossary
http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic-heartburn-symptoms/hic-heartburn-glossary

Student Life university Health Services University of Michigan: Caffeine https://www.uhs.umich.edu/caffeine

Thompson, M.D., F.R.C.P.C, W. Grant. Chronic Diarrhea: Could it Have an Everyday Cause? International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders Diarrhea (150), 2009.

Rogers, P., Heatherley, S., Hayward, R., Seers, H., Hill, J., & Kane, M. “Effects of caffeine and caffeine withdrawal on mood and cognitive performance degraded by sleep restriction” Psychopharmacology 179:742–752. 2005.

Spencer, B. “Caffeine Withdrawal: A Model for Migraine?” Headache 561-562. 2002.

Juliano, L. M., & Griffiths, R. R. (2004). A critical review of caffeine withdrawal: empirical validation of symptoms and signs, incidence, severity, and associated features. Psychopharmacology, 176(1), 1-29.

Silverman, K., Evans, S. M., Strain, E. C., & Griffiths, R. R. (1992). Withdrawal syndrome after the double-blind cessation of caffeine consumption. New England Journal of Medicine, 327(16), 1109-1114.

Rogers, P. J., Heatherley, S. V., Mullings, E. L., & Smith, J. E. (2013). Faster but not smarter: effects of caffeine and caffeine withdrawal on alertness and performance. Psychopharmacology, 226(2), 229-240.

Cheung, L, ed. (2012) Harvard School of Public Health Nutrition Source Sugary Drinks or Diet Drinks: What’s the Bet Choice?

Ogden, D, (August 2011) Consumption of Sugar Drinks in the United States, 2005-2008, NCHS Data Brief Data Brief, Number 71

Vasanti, M., Matthias, B., and Frank, B. (Aug 2006) Intake of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Weight Gain: A Systematic Review. Am J Clin Nutr. Vol 84, No 2, pp. 274-88.

Jacobson, M (2005) Liquid Candy: How Soft Drinks are Harming Americans’ Health
Vartanian, L., Schwartz, M., and Brownell, K. (April 2007) Effects of Soft Drink Consumption on Nutrition and Health: A Systemic Review and Meta-Anaylysis. Am J Public Health, Vol 97, No 4, pp. 667-675.

American Heart Association (2012) Sugars 101
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/Sugars-101_UCM_306024_Article.jsp

Eshak, E., Iso, H., Mizoue, T, Inoue, M., et al. (August 2012) Soft drink, 100% Fruit Juice, and Vegetable Juice Intakes and Risk of Diabetes Mellitus. Clin Nutr, Vol xxx, pp.1-9.

Gardener, H. et al. (Sep 2012) Diet Soft Drink Consumption is Associated with Increased Risk of Vascular Events in the Northern Manhattan Study. J Gen Intern Med, Vol 29, No 9, pp.1120-6.

Consumer Reports http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/magazine/2012/12/the-buzz-on-energy-drink-caffeine/index.htm

USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference http://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search